What is it?
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a predictive measure of body fat based on height and weight.
Why does it matter?
There are two types of abdominal fats: subcutaneous and visceral. Subcutaneous fat is found right below the skin. Visceral fat is found around the internal organs. Increased visceral fat is thought to lead to lipotoxicity where excess triglycerides and fatty acids are released into the blood to organs such as the liver, pancreas and heart. Excess visceral fat is also believed to increase the body’s stress response which can raise blood pressure, cardiac risk and blood sugar levels.
What do abnormal results indicate?
Elevated fat, specifically abdominal fat has been shown to significantly increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Waist Circumference BMI
Men: < 40 inches < 30
Women: < 35 inches
NOTE: You will notice that the BMI used as diagnosing criteria for Metabolic Syndrome is higher than what is found on standard BMI charts. This is because studies have shown that one’s risk for health conditions linked to Metabolic Syndrome are increased at a BMI of 30 and above.